When a child is misbehaving on a regular basis, it is important to find the root of the problem. Is there something happening at school or with a caregiver? Is there open communication with the child? Are there developmentally appropriate behavioral expectations? Today, I am excited to have parenting expert, registered psychologist, and author, Dr. Vanessa Lapointe, to share with us some insight into cognitive development in children and how that effects their behavior.
Why Being Aware Of Developmentally Appropriate Behavioral Expectations Is Important
Dr. Lapointe is a trusted and established name in early childhood development. She is the author of the bestselling breakout Discipline Without Damage and she also has a brand new book, PARENTING RIGHT FROM THE START: Laying a Healthy Foundation in the Baby and Toddler Years (affiliate link below). Through the twin lenses of attachment parenting techniques and the most up-to-date child development research, Dr. Lapointe walks parents through the battlegrounds where problems are most likely to arise for children. Topics include sleeping, feeding, toilet training, aggression, and sibling rivalry. She provides appropriate solutions designed to promote connection and growth between parent and child.
Today, I am pleased to share an excerpt from PARENTING RIGHT FROM THE START. She talks about ensuring that we as parents are operating from developmentally appropriate behavioral expectations. Sometimes a lot of frustration, for both the parent and child can be alleviated simply by ensuring that we are aware of developmentally appropriate expectations.
The following excerpt is taken from PARENTING RIGHT FROM THE START, LifeTree Media (October 8, 2019), reprinted with permission
Developmentally Appropriate Behavior
How many times have you sat in a restaurant and watched a child under the age of six receive a scolding for not sitting still during a meal? Or heard a three- or four-year-old admonished for not sharing? Or observed an eight-year-old punished for having a meltdown when asked to take out the garbage? Or witnessed a fourteen-year-old get grounded for freaking out when told they couldn’t hang with friends on a Friday evening?
The parental response of punishment and consequence for such actions is not an uncommon occurrence in our world. Yet each one of those examples represents a child with an underdeveloped brain responding exactly as they should according to their stage of development. Many of us fall into the trap of expecting a child to absorb and adopt adult behaviour even though the human brain doesn’t fully mature until sometime in the mid to late twenties. When we are more aware of age appropriate expectations we begin to understand what is reasonable to expect and how to work around what the things that we find challenging.
A Normal Developmental Journey
That six-year-old fidgeting at the dinner table is incapable of sustained focus and attention; the three-year-old simply cannot share; the eight-year-old hasn’t developed the self-control needed to stay calm in the face of a roadblock like “chores” when what he really wants to do is shoot hoops; and the fourteen-year-old is bound to lose control of his feelings in the face of big emotions. So settle down, big people. Your kiddos are being and doing just what they are meant to be and do along their entirely normal developmental journey.
The trouble is that waiting for development to occur can be bothersome for us big people raising children in a fast-paced world. We try to hurry development along rather than championing it at every point along the way. But children are not small adults, and we cannot force them into adulthood. Self-regulation will look different in a baby, a toddler, and a preschooler. Babies bite because they know no other way to settle their bodies down. Toddlers have tantrums because they are trying to figure out how to become their own person, even as they lack the ability to settle themselves in the face of heightened emotion. Preschoolers shove, push, hit, and don’t wait their turn because those behavioural niceties are still a foreign language when they are taken over by a big desire or need.
We must respect that children are growing a brain at the rate of billions of neural connections a day. That level of growth will need to continue for years before they have any natural ability to manage their impulses and make “good choices” with some semblance of consistency.
Once, after I presented a workshop, a father told me how his nine-year-old son had been struggling to manage his big emotions in response to disappointing news or requests by his parents to complete chores. Every time the child lost it, his parents would reprimand him for his “bad behaviour” and use behaviourist-inspired strategies such as consequences, timeouts, and removal of privileges. One day, after yet another of these incidents, the father asked his son in exasperation, “What is wrong with you? Why can’t you do as you are told and stop reacting like this? I’ve told you a million times!” In his gorgeous, infinite wisdom, the son replied to his father, “Dad, what is wrong with you? You’ve told me a million times and I still can’t do it. Why do you keep telling me the same thing over and over when I can’t do it?” Nailed it.
Don’t Demand Development
You cannot make growth and maturity happen faster by demanding its progression. As David Loyst, a child development specialist who works with children with autism, says, “I’ve never seen a plant grow faster by pulling on the top of it.” Instead of demanding development, a parent’s job is to inspire it and champion it. Now recall that connection and attachment are the foundations for healthy child development. When a child is asked to adopt behaviours that are not yet a natural part of their developmental repertoire, that child is forced to reject development in the name of acquiescence so that they can maintain the connection and secure approval from their parent. How many times did this scene play out for you as a child, whether in your home or in a classroom?
Many of us have internalized this scenario, this dance of “do it or else you will pay with a loss of approval, acceptance, or connection.” And now we risk recreating it as parents—unless we are willing to bring it to our awareness and work determinedly to sidestep it. We need to understand wholeheartedly how relationship is essential to healthy child development. And we need to simultaneously reject the option of withdrawing attachment and connection from our children in the name of good behaviour or unrealistic developmental expectations. Growth takes time. Development takes time. Building a strong relationship with our children will ensure that this all goes down exactly as nature intended.
Again, thanks to Dr. Lapointe for sharing this wisdom on developmentally appropriate behavioral expectations. Sometimes just taking a step back from a preconceived notion can change your expectations and experiences. Learning to change behavior expectations by age is only natural. She goes on to talk about being sure to approach parenting from a conscious, mindful perspective. She also provides best practices for doing so.
Did this look at developmentally appropriate behavioral expectations change your perspective or call to mind any funny stories or questions? Share @familyfocusblog and @DrVlapointe!