Both of my children love to read. We have read countless books together and they have read countless more on their own. That is why I surprised to learn that my daughter doesn’t enjoy her Language Arts classes. When I asked why not, she said it was because she has to write and she doesn’t like writing. I was astonished and said of course she liked writing. She insisted otherwise. I realized that as many books as we have read together, we haven’t written any stories together. It is no wonder writing feels foreign to her but I told her it can actually be a joy, especially creative writing. That is why I am so pleased today to welcome A.L. Tait, the author of The Mapmaker Chronicles to share how to write a great story. Not only does she inspire young readers, she also inspires young writers. Story writing for kids is a fun activity for kids as well as a valuable learning exercise.
A.L. Tait is an Australian author of children’s fiction and her series, The Mapmaker Chronicles, is has just been published in the US in June 2017 by Kane/Miller Books. It is an adventure fantasy trilogy aimed at kids 9 and up, about a race to map the world – and a boy who really doesn’t want to go. You can read more about the series at themapmakerchronicles.com and more about A.L. Tait at allisontait.com. The books are for sale on the Kane Miller website. I am to have here share with us 10 pointers on how to write a great story. I think you will find these very useful in helping your children learn to enjoy story writing for kids and I just know you love reading the stories and books they write!
Story Writing For Kids: 10 Pointers On How To Write A Great Story
By A.L. Tait
One of the joys of being a children’s author is the opportunity to visit school classrooms and talk to kids about writing. I LOVE talking about writing. It’s my second-favourite thing to do (after actually writing…).
My aim with school workshops is not just to inform, but to inspire. So many kids think that writing is something that other people are good at. They don’t realise that those amazing imaginations that they have are the foundation of any good story.
I think that when you start out with writing it can feel like a mysterious process, particularly if it’s not something you love. So I’ve come up with 10 keys to help kids unlock the code to writing a great story.
I hope they’ll help your child to embrace their own special writing voice.
Key 1: Ideas are everywhere
One of the things that a lot of kids struggle with is finding an idea for a story. They think that writers are special people who have ideas drop on them from out of the sky – and I really wish this were true, because it would make my job easier.
The truth is that story ideas are all around us, and writers have just trained themselves to see them. I encourage kids to watch and listen to see if they can spot them. To give them an insight into how it works, I tell them the story of how The Mapmaker Chronicles series came to be.
The whole epic adventure series came from two conversations I had with my oldest son, then nine years old. One night we were standing outside on a hot summer’s night staring out into space. “How far does space go?” he asked me, to which I had to answer that nobody knows. That so far we haven’t found the edges.
The next night we were reading a Horrible Histories book about explorers. “How did they map the world, mum?” he asked. This one I could answer: they had to go. As I was explaining how they had to get into their ships and sail out into the unknown, I had a moment of mum inspiration.
“They would have felt exactly the same way we feel when we stare out into space,” I added. “They didn’t know where they edges were.”
And in that moment, the writer in me took over and I had an idea for a race to map the world – and a boy who really doesn’t want to go…
So The Mapmaker Chronicles series began its life with a feeling and a question.
Key 2: Start with the three Ps
Once you have an idea, the next problem kids often face is just where to start. I always tell them to begin with one of the three Ps:
In the case of The Mapmaker Chronicles, I started with the problem: how did they map the world? But almost at the same time, I had Quinn, my 14-year-old hero, who is, on paper, the least likely person to find himself on a grand adventure.
I find that kids often find it easiest to start writing once they have a character in mind. Why? Because your character drives the story. Everything in a story is about how your character reacts to situations.
Key 3: Create a character
When creating a character, it’s easiest to begin with an idea of what your character looks like. If kids are struggling with that, I suggest that they simply think of someone they know – or better still a combination of two people they know – and base their character description on that. (I always remind them that it’s best if the person they know doesn’t actually recognise themselves!)
Once they have a physical description, they can start to think about how this might impact on the person. For example, a small person moves through the world very differently to a big one.
I get kids to think about their character’s family set-up, their interests, their friends.
Key 4: Understand your character’s goal
What does your character want? This is one of the biggest questions for a story. Your character has to want something, even if it’s just to get through another day at school!
When people talk about the plot of a story, they’re simply talking about the series of events – large and small – that happen in the story. But that series of events happens because your PERSON is trying to solve his or her PROBLEM. He or she wants something, and the story is about what happens when he or she tries to reach that goal – usually with lots of problems along the way, just to keep things interesting.
Or, you could put it like this…
Key 5: The story formula
PERSON + GOAL + PROBLEM = STORY
This is a very simple overview of a story, and kids love it. If I was to break down book one of The Mapmaker Chronicles (Race To The End Of The World) it looks like this:
Quinn + wants to be home + has to make the map for the king = STORY
Key 6: Have a plan
While I know a lot of keen young writers who like to get an idea and just start writing (and, frankly, I’m a little bit this way myself), I also find that a lot of keen young writers then never get to the end of the story.
Every story needs a framework, even if it’s as simple as ‘This is the beginning, this is the middle, this is the end’ or even just starting with the story formula above. I always recommend that kids have an idea of what that ending might be before they even begin writing.
Key 7: Get your characters talking
Dialogue is an integral part of every great story. It’s one of the best ways to ‘show’ what’s happening in a story, rather than simply telling the reader every detail. I give kids two pieces of advice when I comes to dialogue:
• Give your characters their best lines – by this, I mean that written conversation is different to spoken conversation. In a story, we don’t need all the ‘hi, how are you’ stuff before we get to the important bit of the conversation ‘did you hear Jenny is missing?’.
• Remember we don’t all talk the same – this is another place where listening is an important part of writing. I encourage kids to listen closely to how people talk to each other. For instance, their teacher uses different language to the other kids in their classroom.
Key 8: Make sure you finish your story
As the mother of a keen writer, I know just how hard it can sometimes be for kids to finish a story. Often they’ll make their story so complicated that they’d need to write 50,000 words to resolve it.
So my first tip for finishing is to keep your story as simple as possible. Have a look at how many characters you’ve introduced and ask yourself if you need them all. Look at how many problems your heroine has and ask if maybe you could just concentrate on school problems, instead of home, ballet class and boy problems as well.
My second tip is to ask yourself a question: have you started your story in the right place?
One young friend of mine was struggling with writing 2000 words for a school assignment. His difficulty was that he’d written 2000 words but he hadn’t even got to the important bit.
My advice to him: start your story at the important bit.
Always begin your story on the day that is different.
Key 9: Read your story out loud
When I finish the draft of a new book, the first thing I do is to read the entire thing out loud to one or the other of my two boys. They are 13 and 10 now, and still happy to listen, letting me know where the boring bits are (so that I can take them out).
I encourage kids to do this with their stories as well. If you read them out loud, you can hear where the sentences don’t sound right or where your might need extra information.
Key 10: Editing
Teachers cheer when I mention the word ‘editing’ in workshops – and kids roll their eyes. But the truth is that, as every published author knows, the only way to make sure that your story is the best that it can be is to go over it, edit it, rewrite it where you need to.
Any kid who does this at least once is well on the way to becoming a better writer.
I hope you find these keys to story writing for kids helpful to get your kids writing and enjoying writing and storytelling. It can be a fun project for your family day to each write a story and read them to each other!
A.L. Tait is the author of The Mapmaker Chronicles, an epic middle-grade adventure series for boys and girls, out now with Kane Miller. You can find out more about the series and purchase here or visit her website for more writing tips here.